There are two types of federal holidays in the United States.
First, there are paid holidays that are required by law to be observed by all private and government employers—these include holidays such as Labor Day and Veteran’s Day that commemorate events of national importance.
Then there are those holidays that are simply days off—holidays such as New Year’s Day and Independence Day that celebrate significant events in American history—which might or might not be observed depending on the individual employer’s practices.
Here’s a full list of federal holidays in 2023 so you can plan your year accordingly!
New Year's Day
Sunday, January 1, 2023 – New Year’s Day | Monday, January 2 (observed)
Beginning on January 1, 2023 New Year’s Day will be a federal holiday honoring new years. For most Federal employees, Monday, January 2, will be treated as a holiday for pay and leave purposes.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday
Third Monday in January | Monday, January 16
One of America’s biggest holiday celebrations, Martin Luther King Jr.’s Birthday, is held on January 16 in 2023. On that day, thousands of communities across America host a variety of events to commemorate Dr. King’s life and work.
Washington's Birthday (Presidents' Day)
Third Monday in February | Monday, February 20
President’s Day is a federal holiday observed on Monday, February 20, to honor presidents of the United States.
Last Monday in May | Monday, May 29
This federal holiday honors those who have died serving in the U.S. Armed Forces and takes place on May 29 this year.
Third Saturday in June | Monday, June 19
Juneteenth (short for “June Nineteenth”) is usually celebrated on the third Saturday in June and commemorates the end of slavery, is a federal holiday in the United States.
Independence Day (4th of July)
Tuesday, July 4
Independence Day is a federal holiday in the US. Independence Day, or more commonly known as the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday to commemorate the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on 4 July 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
First Monday in September | Monday, September 4
This holiday is held to honor American workers for their contributions to society through labor unions, minimum wage laws, and other benefits.
Second Monday in October | Monday, October 9
This federal holiday is observed on October 9 this year and honors Christopher Columbus, who was born on October 12, 1451. (also observed as Indigenous Peoples Day)
Friday, November 10 (observed) | Saturday, November 11
Veterans Day is an annual holiday in America honoring the 24.9 million military veterans in the United States. Veterans Day is both a federal and state holiday and is usually observed on November 11 each year.
Fourth Thursday in November | Thursday, November 23
Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day as it is called by many is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November each year.
Monday, December 25 – Christmas Day
Christmas Day is celebrated in the USA on the 25th December each year. Christmas is a time of getting together with family and friends and the giving and receiving of gifts.
Does your state celebrate other holidays?
Certain U.S. states have their own state-wide holidays that are observed by state governments and banks. Some of these include:
- Nevada’s Nevada Day – the last Friday in October of every year
- Georgia’s Founding Day – a holiday that celebrates its founding on February 12, 1733
- Wisconsin has several – Casimir Pulaski Day on March 4, and Robert La Follette Sr. Day on June 14
- Hawaii Native Royalty – March 26 and June 11
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